When the skin experiences excessive friction, it adopts a protective mechanism against this type of pressure and leads to a thick and hard skin. These hard spots contain translucent centers and are known as corns or helomas. If the friction continues, the corns become more painful. Corns develop on the feet, mostly on the joints of the toes and on the soles of the feet. Corns are also associated with bursae which normally swells up and result in bursitis. Corns can be of two types: hard corns and soft corns. Soft corns develop between the toes as the skin between the toes becomes moist due to excessive sweat, because the sweat contain bacteria these soft corns become infected. Hard corns develop on the top of the smaller toes, or even on the outer side of the little toes.
Causes of corns
Corns are usually formed as a result of pressure on the toes and sometimes the incorrect footwear. They develop when there is persistent friction and pressure on a certain area. The most common causes of corns include:
Shoes that do not fit comfortably exert pressure on parts of the foot. Shoes that are too loose can damage the foot because they may lead to pressure. Women who wear high heels can also suffer from corns due to the uneven pressure on the foot. Low quality shoes are another cause of corns, as the skin often rubs against seams and stitches.
Shoes and sandals that are made of rough materials which can lead to friction with the skin. Socks act as a protective layer between the shoes and feet . That is why it is important to wear comfortable and well-fitting socks.
Abnormal Bone Structure
Some people have certain bony prominences caused by irregular foot structure. These areas can develop painful corns due to friction and pressure.
Bad Foot Function
Conditions such as scoliosis can lead to uneven weight bearing on the feet.
Bursae are the tiny fluid-filled pockets that protect the joints from pressure. Bursitis can happen due to inflammation of the bursae. These inflamed areas become irritated and develop corns .
Natural Treatments for Corns
Baking soda and warm water
Soaking the affected foot in a solution of baking soda and warm water is effective in removing the hard skin. Add three tablespoons of baking soda into the warm water and place your foot inside. Massage with this liquid mixture.
This solution is very helpful in treating corns. Rub the vinegar over the affected areas using a clean cotton ball. Let it stay during the night and exfoliate the area the next morning.
This fruit contains enzymes which help in softening corns and removing them from the skin. Place a small piece of freshly sliced pineapple peel over the area and wrap a clean cloth around it. Repeat this action every night for a whole week. You can also apply pineapple juice directly to the corns.