Endometriosis and Its Main Symptoms

Endometriosis is a health condition that affects a woman’s reproductive system. In the majority of cases, it is associated with severe pain, fertility issues, while, in other cases, there aren’t any unusual symptoms.


This condition is, especially met in women over 30, and nearly 5 million American women suffer from it. Symptoms become pregnant after the outset of menstruation.

Endometriosis happens when the tissue that lines the outside of the uterus, namely, the endometrial tissue, expands outside the uterus. Afterward, the tissue gets stuck in the pelvic area, and, in other rare instances, in other parts of the body.

Various aspects grow the likelihood of developing endometriosis, as following:

  • Period starting at an early age
  • Short menstrual cycles
  • Menopause at an old age
  • Low body mass index
  • Elevated levels of estrogen in the body
  • High alcohol intake
  • Uterine abnormalities
  • Genetics

It’s always important to be acquainted with the symptoms associated to commonly met conditions, such as endometriosis. When the condition is diagnosed in time, it can be treated accordingly. There, which are the major warning signs that show you’re suffering from endometriosis?

  • Irregular or heavy menstrual bleeding

Heavy bleeding is one of the initial signs that announce the outset of endometriosis. During the menstrual cycle, the endometrial growths respond to the presence of menstrual hormones similar to the lining of the uterus; this further causes bleeding. Since these portions expand over time, the menstrual flow increases as well.

  • Abdominal pain

Suffering from abdominal pain is also a clear indicator of this condition. The pain gets acute before the period starts, and will last for the entire duration of the menstrual cycle. Nonetheless, take into account that this pain differs from the typical period pain, it can become as excruciating as to keep you in bed.

In worst case scenarios, women develop cysts filled with blood, which are called endometrioses. In the event of a cyst rupture, the pain becomes unbearable. It is implied that, if that occurs, you should visit a specialist right away.

  • Diminished fertility

Furthermore, suffering from this condition also makes the majority of women less fertile, which means they’ll encounter difficulty in getting pregnant.

The reason that causes that is scarring. That hinders the egg from moving towards the fallopian tube while restricting the movement of the sperm as well.

In other instances, the eggs may suffer from damage, which diminishes their quality and quantity.

Sadly, though, infertility caused by endometriosis doesn’t respond to treatment with ovarian stimulation. Intrauterine insemination is also hard to accomplish in such scenarios. Since the pelvic anatomy may be distorted, the success of artificial insemination is minimal.

  • Pain during or after intercourse

Pain that occurs during or after intercourse is another worrying symptom. According to a 2013 study on women who suffered from the condition, 60 percent affirmed having suffered from severe pelvic pain, while 56 percent affirmed having experienced painful intercourse, also known as dyspareunia.

This problem is a source of frustration since many women tend to be rather resistant to talking openly about this issue with their partners. Nonetheless, don’t hesitate to discuss the problem with a doctor.

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